For The Answer
Weekly Express-News Article
By Calvin R. Finch, PhD, SAWS Water Resources Director, and Horticulturist
The hummingbirds have headed south from most
neighborhoods so it is not unreasonable to take down and clean up the sugar
water feeder for the season.
To replace the sugar water feeders, consider feeding
seeds and suet for the winter. Bird
feeding is easy, but there are a few things to consider to keep the seed bill
reasonable and your success level high.
Sunflower seed is the most popular seed for area bird
feeders because it is a relished by so many of our favorite birds such as
cardinals, chickadees, titmice, Inca doves, goldfinches, woodpeckers, and blue
The usual way to feed sunflower seed is with a
hopper-type feeder with a perch for the birds at the opening where the seed
leaves the hopper. To reduce feed
consumption by squirrels, white-winged and grackles, purchase a steel feeder
with a weight-sensitive perch. The steel construction prevents the squirrels
from chewing in to the feeder. The
weight-sensitive perch can be set to shut out heavier feeders such as white-winged
doves, grackles, and squirrels.
Safflower seed is a white seed with a shell like a sunflower. Cardinals, chickadees, and titmice like
safflower seed almost as much as they do sunflower seed. Squirrels and other birds are not very fond
of it. Using safflower seed is a good
option to attract cardinals without encouraging squirrels and other birds.
Thistle seed is the favorite food of lesser and American
goldfinches. House finches also like
it. Thistle is usually fed from a
tubular feeder with the seed access under the perch to encourage the
goldfinches to show off their acrobatic abilities.
Most insect eaters will pass up seed feeders, but they
will often accept beef fats and/or a dough mixture from a suet feeder.
If you are blessed with squirrels in your neighborhood,
use the pepper flavored suet. The birds
readily eat it and the squirrels pass it up.
Birds that are readily attracted to suet are kinglets,
woodpeckers, mockingbirds, some warblers, and starlings.
American sparrows such as chipping sparrows, song
a location for each feeder where you can observe the action from a window or
seat on the patio. Feeders that hang
from a branch and are more open attract more birds than a feeder in the middle
of the crown or near the trunk.